Monday, September 10, 2018
Sixth State of the Union Address
President Enrique Peña Nieto
(Synopsis, as published September 3, 2018 by Presidencia de la República)
● Today we are a better country than we were six years ago: (President)
Enrique Peña Nieto (EPN)
The President declared that he will deliver a country with important strengths, such as political, social and economic
stability; healthy public finances; and an economy that generates jobs.
stressed the importance of sticking to the facts and figures, beyond subjective assessments, in order to
describe the transformation that the country has experienced in multiple areas of national life, but also to keep in mind
the persistence of lags and challenges that have not yet been overcome.
beginning of the administration, five national goals of the National Development Plan were defined.
“Mexico is now ready to continue growing and developing in the coming years and decades.” The president
therefore welcomed the fact that the incoming Administration will be given, “A country with major strengths.”
Political, social and economic stability;
Sound public finances, with 78% more taxpayers than six years ago and a manageable, decreasing
• The lowest
inflation in an administration for nearly 50 years.
New formal jobs that are growing at a rate of 800,000 per year, which puts us on track to reach
4 million new jobs during this administration.
New Energy Model that allows us to recover our strength in this sector and free public resources for social programs.
• The greatest Direct Foreign Investment in our
history, for over $192 billion USD to date; in addition to investments that have already been pledged for nearly 200 billion
dollars, in the energy sector alone.
lowest percentages of poverty and social deprivation on record.
A New Educational Model, which is being implemented in the classrooms as of this school year.
• Ongoing telecommunications projects that will
allow broadband internet service for at least 92% of the population by the year 2024.
Twice the port capacity that existed at the beginning of this government.
• A renewed road network and large-scale rail and airport
• And a set of new
generation trade agreements and close relations with all the countries with which we share principles and interests.
Mexico at Peace
Strategy was implemented in order to improve operating coordination between the three levels of government; strengthen
the institutional capacities of police corporations; make intensive use of intelligence systems; and strengthen the social
prevention of violence and crime.
“The new rules and institutions are powerful
deterrents for those who are tempted to break the law, and provide means of punishment for those who dare to do so.”
He added that, “Those who break the law and betray the mystique of public service, deserve the full rigor of the law.”
This is how the Mexican State has acted, "without distinction." EPN
Progress was made in dismantling the main criminal organizations: 110 of the 122 objectives
• The National Anti-Kidnapping
Coordinating Office was created, which in 2017 enabled the kidnapping rate to be reduced by more than 23% in comparison
“I am aware that we have not achieved the goal of restoring
peace and security for Mexicans in all corners of the country,” said the president, adding that, “making this
desire shared by all Mexicans a reality will require a sustained effort for a long time, and firmly supported by public resources.”
2012, according to data from the National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (CONEVAL),
seven million people were living in extreme food poverty. Accordingly, the National Crusade Against Hunger was launched in
2013. The network of Community Kitchens was created, of which there are now over five thousand throughout
the country, in which more than one million meals are served daily.
Diconsa, the largest supply network in the Americas, opened 1,240
new stores, and now has four Bulk Warehouses in Chiapas, Hidalgo, the State of Mexico and Veracruz, making it possible to
store 200,000 tons in support of small producers in the country.
Liconsa increased its coverage in 238 municipalities, managing to
serve 6.2 million people daily, 243,000 more than in 2012.
The National Inclusion Strategy was also created, which made it possible to focus
the efforts of federal agencies and local governments, whose approach seeks to simultaneously address the set of social deficiencies
that are the cause and consequence of poverty.
In the first four years of the Administration,
2.2 million Mexicans overcame the condition of extreme poverty, and today:
6.2 million more Mexicans have access to health services.
3.4 million more Mexicans have access to social security.
2.8 million more Mexicans have sufficient, healthy and varied food.
1.3 million Mexicans overcame educational backwardness.
1.2 million more Mexicans have access to basic housing services.
1.1 million more Mexicans have quality and spaces in their homes.
with Quality Education
The three pillars on which Education
Reform was based:
1) The professionalization of teachers and merit-based salary increases;
2) the updating of educational content; and
3) the strengthening
of schools, both in their operation and in their infrastructure.
“It was essential
to recover the stewardship of the State in educational matters, preventing it from remaining hostage to particular and illegitimate
Another essential component of Education Reform is the creation
of the Professional Teaching Service. Thanks to the participation of Mexico’s teachers, 1.5 million admission, performance
and promotion evaluations have been made in Basic and Higher Education, and over 200,000 teachers have obtained places and
promotions on the basis of their evaluations.
Through the Hundred Per Cent Schools Program,
approximately 30,000 schools were refurbished with works and services such as toilets, furniture and equipment. Likewise,
the number of Full-Time Schools has quadrupled, and now total 25,000, benefiting 3.6 million students.
During this Administration, federal investment in Science, Technology and Innovation was increased
to 498 billion pesos, 65% more than in the previous administration. 33% more national postgraduate grants were awarded, together
with 53% more overseas scholarships, than in 2012.
The National System of Researchers grew and currently has more than 28,600 researchers.
• A total of 7,700 million pesos have been invested in 1,287
scientific infrastructure spaces.
“We drew a clear roadmap based on three axes: 1) consolidating macroeconomic stability; 2) boosting the
productivity and competitiveness of our economy, and 3) promoting more balanced regional development.”
Thanks to Energy Reform, today more than 70 companies from 20 countries are participating in the exploration
and/or extraction of hydrocarbons and have planned to create 900,000 new jobs.
Private investment in the energy sector will be over $200 billion USD in the coming years, which
frees up government resources for spending on social programs.
The low-consumption domestic electricity tariff – paid by 99% of Mexican households –
has not risen in four years. Today it is 16% lower in real terms than it was at the end of 2012.
National long-distance telephone charges were eliminated; the cost of fixed local telephony fell
by 5%; of mobile telephony by 43%, and of international long-distance calls by 40%.
In terms of coverage, between 2012 and 2017 the number of Internet users rose to more than 80 million.
• The Shared Network was launched, which began operating in
March 2018, which will increase access to mobile telephony and broadband internet throughout the country, reaching 92% of
national coverage in 2024.
As a result of Financial Reform, since December
2012 internal financing for the private sector has risen from 27% to 35% of the Gross Domestic Product, including record levels
for mortgage loans.
Anti-trust Reform created an autonomous,
independent Commission with greater powers to guarantee competition in the markets. In 2017 alone, their shares translated
into savings for consumers of over 6.8 billion pesos.
Thanks to Labor Reform, by
the end of the administration four million new formal jobs will have been created, more than in the last two Administrations
together, and of those positions, 43% have been occupied by women and 39% by young people.
terms of infrastructure, at the end of this Administration more than 6,400 kilometers of roads and highways will have been
built or modernized. And as for ports, what had been achieved in the previous hundred years has been achieved in six years:
by the end of this year we will have doubled the carrying capacity of our ports from 260 million tons per year to more than
So far during this administration, six new Protected Natural Areas
have been decreed, including Revillagigedo National Park. With these new zones, 91 million hectares of land and sea are already
protected, more than twice the amount that were protected six years ago.
is a tourist power. We went from occupying 15th place to being the sixth most visited country in the
world today. In 2017, we received 39 million foreign tourists, 68% more than in 2012. Mexico has positioned itself as the
ninth most attractive destination in the world for investment in the next few years.
We have received Foreign Direct Investment for a record amount of over 192 billion dollars,
exceeding the amount received in any other Administration.
The average annual inflation rate of 4% is the lowest in a six-year term in 48
years and throughout the administration.
minimum wage has had a 17% recovery in real terms, the highest in the past 42 years.
This is the administration of employment, tourism and Foreign Direct Investment; infrastructure and the export
of food and manufactures; the expansion of mobile telephony and the Internet; clean energies and the opening up of the energy
sector, declared the president.
Mexico with Global Responsibility
We believe in an international system based on rules, and therefore on shared values for addressing global
To modernize our first career civil service, improve
its working and retirement conditions, and recognize the essential contribution of our diplomacy to the development of our
country, the new Mexican Foreign Service law was passed.
reaffirmed the open, competitive nature of the Mexican economy. That is why we undertook the broadest business negotiation
agenda in history.” EPN
• With the United States
we have reached an understanding on commercial matters that dissipates the uncertainty generated in recent months.
• That negotiation achieved the goals Mexico set
at the outset: free trade has been maintained; quotas or restrictions are not accepted; and the instruments for the solution
of controversies have been preserved and strengthened.”
We have strengthened our ties with Canada, with joint cooperation initiatives in energy, migration
facilitation, labor mobility, mining investment, and clean energy development.
Mexico has renewed its links with Latin American and Caribbean countries. Seven years since its
creation, the Pacific Alliance – comprising Chile, Colombia, Peru and Mexico – is a successful model of economic
integration. Tariff liberalization of 92% of products; a visa waiver for citizens of the four countries; and the institutionalization
of the Student and Academic Mobility Platform were achieved.
With Europe we have renewed our legal framework through the new Mexico-EU Global Agreement, which
will boost commercial relations and cooperation for development.
In Asia-Pacific, Mexico participated in the creation of the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement
for Trans-Pacific Partnership, ratified in April 2018 by the Senate.
“All the treaties
that we have negotiated or are modernizing comprise 95% of the total amount of our exports.”: EPN
The issuance of the Single Code for the Registration of Temporary Population for Foreigners
was promoted. In addition, Child Protection Officers assisted and protected over 62,000 unaccompanied foreign minors.
After over 20 years of absence, we resumed our participation in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations.
• Since then, 72 members of the Armed Forces and
the National Security Commission have taken part in eight Operations in Africa, the Middle East, the Caribbean, and South
Source: Presidency of the
Republic, September 03, 2018, Mexico City; translation, Presidency of the Republic