Monday, June 22, 2015
More Information about
Mexico's Mid-term Elections of 2015
By Allan Wall
Mexico held its
mid-term elections on June 7th, 2015. A previous article, Mexico’s 2015 Mid-term Elections were held on June 7, discussed the elections and how they fit into the six-year Mexican political cycle.
This election completely
replaced the entire 500 seat Cámara de Diputados (Mexican equivalent of our House of Representatives)
with completely new representatives. The new representatives are to take office on September 1st.
Mexican Senate was not up for a vote in this mid-term, as all its members were elected three years ago and the Senate has
six-year terms, all beginning and ending together.
Besides the Cámara de Diputados elections,
there were gubernatorial elections in nine states, elections for state legislatures in 17 states, and elections for mayors
in 300 municipios.
There were ten Mexican political parties running candidates for Congress in
the mid-term elections. Here is the percentage of the total vote each received:
1. Partido Revolucionario
Institucional (PRI, President Enrique Peña Nieto’s party) - 29.18% of the total vote.
2. Partido Acción
Nacional (PAN) - 21% of the vote.
3. Partido de la Revolución Democrática (PRD, Mexico's
principal left-wing party) - 10.87%.
4. Movimiento Regeneración Nacional (MORENA, the party of
Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, or AMLO) - 8.39%.
5. Partido Verde Ecologista de México (PVEM, the Green Party)
Movimiento Ciudadano - 6.09%.
7. Nueva Alianza (PANAL, political vehicle of the national SNTE
teachers’ union) - 3.72%.
8. Partido Encuentro Social - 3.32%.
9. Partido del Trabajo,
“Labor Party” - 2.84%.
10. Partido Humanista - 2.14%.
In addition, votes for independents formed
a total of 0.56% of the vote.
The Green Party and PANAL are both allied to the PRI. That
gives the PRI a slim working majority in the Cámara de Diputados. No party has a
majority in the Senate.
The PRD lost many votes to the breakaway MORENA party, formed by Andres Manuel
Lopez Obrador (AMLO). This probably sets Lopez Obrador up to once again run for president in three years.
for the two parties that came in #9 and #10, they failed to reach the magic 3% mark, thus making them ineligible to receive
government funding. That’s disappointing for them. The Partido del Trabajo
was close (2.84%) but not close enough.
In this election, independent candidates were allowed, so that was a big novelty.
Political parties are very strong in Mexico and they receive government funding. So
even though it’s now legal, it is still very hard to run a successful independent campaign.
In these elections,
121 independent candidates ran for office. Of that total, only six won.
The only independent candidate
to win a seat in the Mexican Congress was Manuel Clouthier, son of the late Manuel Clouthier, “Maquio,” the PAN
presidential candidate in 1988.
Other non-congressional independents who won included Pedro Kumamoto, who won
a seat in the Jalisco state legislature by spending less than US$2,000, and of course the most famous independent, el
Bronco in Nuevo Leon.
Nuevo Leon is a state in northern Mexico, of which Monterrey is the capital.
The governorship was won by independent candidate Jaime Rodriguez Calderon, also known as “el Bronco,”
who defeated all the parties. Savvy use of social media was an important tool of el Bronco’s campaign.
It’s worth pointing out that el Bronco himself was in the PRI for 33 years, and only withdrew from
the party last year.
So how independent will el Bronco be? That remains to be seen, especially when you
consider that the same election that brought victory to el Bronco elected a state legislature in which the majority
of diputados are of the PAN and the PRI. So he’ll have to work with these parties if he wants to get things
A bizarre curiousity of the 2015 elections was that of a candidacy that was not even stopped by death.
candidate was Enrique Hernandez, of the MORENA party, running for mayor of Yurecuaro in the state of Michoacan.
Hernandez was shot in a drive-by shooting while delivering a speech on May 14th. Unremoved from
the ballot, Hernandez won the election anyway on June 7th.
I assume they’re finding a live person to take his
NOTE: I was recently the guest of Silvio Canto, Jr., on his "Canto Talk" radio show,
along with Fausta Rodriguez Wertz. We discussed the recent Mexican mid-term elections as well as other
topics. To listen click here.
Allan Wall, an educator, resided in Mexico for many years. His website is
located at http://www.allanwall.info.