Monday, November 19, 2007
Mexico’s Centennial, Bicentennial Just Three Years
By Allan Wall
By some strange twists of fate, several of the dates in Mexican history display some
For example, Hernan Cortes and his Indian allies defeated the Aztecs in 1521, laying
the foundation for modern Mexico. Three centuries later, in 1821, Mexico became independent from Spain.
Nowadays though, the actual 1821 independence anniversary is not remembered much. The 1810 anniversary, which was really the beginning of what became the independence
movement, is what is celebrated on September 15th and 16th of each year.
And that leads us to another notable coincidence, that of 1810 and 1910.
The movement that became the Mexican independence movement began in 1810. The Mexican
Revolution began in 1910 (on November 20th, today celebrated on the third Monday of November).
That means, in just three years from now, in 2010, Mexico is slated to commemorate, in
the same year, the centennial of the Revolution, and the bicentennial of the Independence movement (or what became the Independence
In Mexico City there is a large arched structure known as the Monument to the Revolution.
Ironically, this was constructed on the eve of the Revolution by dictator Porfirio Diaz, as a monument to Mexico’s independence. But Porfirio abdicated and left the country, and the structure was dubbed a
monument to the Revolution.
The Mexican Revolution lasted from 1910 to 1920, more or less. (There is disagreement
as to when it actually ended). Even today there is a lack of unanimity
over its legacy.
The long-ruling PRI, the Institutional Revolutionary Party, glorified the Mexican Revolution.
That’s because the faction that eventually won the Revolution organized itself into a political party that eventually
became known as the PRI.
In fact the party’s very name, the strange juxtaposition of “institutional”
and “revolutionary,” implied that PRI leaders were the ideological heirs of the Mexican Revolution, continuing
to bestow its benefits on the Mexican people.
But the PRI no longer runs Mexico. In recent
years, some Mexicans have criticized the Revolution for not being all it was cracked up to be. It’s been belittled from
the right end of the political spectrum, and on the left end (for not having gone far enough).
In 2006, shortly before completing his presidential term, President Vicente Fox canceled
the annual Mexican Revolution Day parade on the grounds that it was an obsolete celebration and people didn’t want to
participate anymore. (However, another reason he canceled it was that, on the
same day, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador was having himself sworn in as the so-called “legitimate” President of Mexico
in the central Zocalo plaza.)
Some have gone so far as to repudiate the Mexican Revolution altogether, including noted
Mexican pundit Sergio Sarmiento, who calls the Revolution a “monumental failure.”
It appears the legacy of the Mexican Revolution will continue to be debated and reinterpreted. How will future generations view the Revolution in the context of Mexico’s historic
national identity? And what lessons should be drawn from it?
A nation and its people need shared historical experiences, what Abraham Lincoln called
“the mystic chords of memory,” to bind them together. Annual commemorations
help to affirm a nation’s historical identity.
Yet as time goes by, a nation’s history is re-examined and changes in emphasis
may ensue. In the United States as well there are disputes over our own history and its significance.
Still, there’s nothing like a big celebration.
And a dual Independence Bicentennial and Revolution Centennial should definitely qualify as a big celebration.
Not only that, but a tower has been proposed for construction in Mexico City by 2010. It’s called the Torre Bicentenario
(Bicentennial Tower). At a height of 300 meters (984 feet) it would be the tallest skyscraper in Latin America. It would have 70 floors, and its estimated cost would be $600 million.
(Yet don’t such projects always cost more than the estimates?)
The Torre Bicentenario would be located at
the edge of Chapultepec Park, with its famous hilltop castle, forest and complex of museums.
The proposal is controversial, involving questions of traffic flow, property, the existing
building on the proposed location, and of course politics. The Mexican federal
government is against it, the Mexico City government is for it.
But even if the tower is constructed it would be surpassed in height in 2011 by another
proposed skyscraper, this one in Panama, which would stand at 346 meters –
beating the Mexico City tower by 46 meters.
Well, it’s something to think about.
Allan Wall, a MexiData.info columnist,
recently returned from a tour of duty in Iraq. He currently resides in Mexico,
where he has lived since 1991. He can be reached via e-mail at email@example.com.